History of Amasya

The city known as Amaseia in ancient times is one of the oldest settlements of Anatolia. According to the texts, in the period of Muvatallis and Mursilis III, Hattusili III treated like an independent ruler and he attacked the Kaşkalar and took them to the north. The city became important during the period of the hellenistic Pontus kingdom. Mithridates I Ktistes about BC. He was the capital of the kingdom he founded in 300 until Sinop's capture of Pharnakes I in 183 BC. The proximity to the temple of Zeus Stratios (built by Mithridates Vl Eupator) and the monuments of the Pontes kings, therefore, remained an important city for the kingdom. Amasya BC. In 70 the Roman general was captured by Lucullus.

The new administrative unit of Pompeius took part in Bithynia and Pontos (64 BC). He was given a dynasty known to Antony and joined Galatia between 3-2 BC. Diocletian and Constantinus in his arrangements was the main metropolis of Diospontos. Emperor Phokas built a palace and a church there. The city was taken back by the emperor Herakleios when the Iranian ruler Hüsrev Perviz. He was captured by the Arabs shortly. After the Battle of Malazgirt Melik Danişmend Gazi XI. YY. Towards the end of the city captured. Raimond, who had captured Ankara and Çankırı in the first crusade, had marched on Amasya but had to be severely defeated by the Turks. Anatolian Seljuk Sultan Kılıç Arslan II ended the Danişmentli state and added Amasya to the Seljuk territory (1177).

During the Seljuk period, there were intensive public works and Amasya became an important cultural center of Anatolia. In 1192, when Kılıç Arslan II divided the Anatolian Seljuk state among his sons, Amasya Nizamettin Argun Şah fell to the Shah. During the reign of Sultan Alaettin Keykubat I (1220-1236), the Haramers who fled the Mongol attacks were placed here. Father Isaac, the founder of Babailik, settled in a village in Amasya after spreading his views around Kefersut. Amasya Sivas Corum has increased its influence in the Tokat region. Geşasettin Keyhüsrev II, who was assigned to the Amasya subaşılığına Armağanşah Baba hanged in the sign of the castle Isaac. Turkmens who reported this attacked Amasya and killed Armağanşah. The city maintained its importance during the period when the Mongols dominated Anatolia. In 1342, Eretna was captured by the Sivas regiment. Later, orders from the city were ruled by Haji Shadgeldi Pasha.

When Şadgeldi died in a battle with Kadhan Burhanettin, the city was left to his son Ahmet Bey. Ahmet Bey delivered Amasya to the Ottomans against the pressure of Kadı Burhanettin (1393). Şelzeh Mehmet was appointed to the city's governor's office in the face of the threat of approaching Timur. After the Ankara war (1402), the former governor of the city, Çelebi Mehmet Timur, depending on the center of Amasya Sivas to dominate the Tokat regions. He used Amasya as a base in the battle for his brothers.

The Ottoman sultans Murat II Mehmet II (the Conqueror) was the governor of Amasya in the Bayezid II princes. Murat II and Selim I (Yavuz) were born in Amasya. Bayezit II's son, Ahmet, was the governor of Amasya when he began a fight of the throne against his brother Selim. 1512'de the Shiite rebellion of Shahkulu's caliph Baba Zünnun seized Amasya in a raid, but Yavuz Sultan Selim Amasya beylerbeyliğine appointed Mustafa Pasha took the city back. During the Egyptian expedition (1516-1517), Father Zünnun and Sheikh Jalal plundered the city. Amasya was banned to Sivas in 1518. When Prince Mustafa was appointed as governor of the city, he was appointed as an independent sancak. After the death of Prince Mustafa was connected to Sivas.

Suleiman the Magnificent came to Amasya on his way back from Nakhichevan. The ambassador of Austria received Bushbecg here. XVI. Beginning in the late 9th century, Kuyucu Murat Pasha put an end to the riots in Amasya and its region (1608). After this date, there was not a major uproar in the city and its region. XIX. At the beginning of the second half of the century, approximately 25 000 people lived in the city. Of these, 2 000 were students and they were studying in 18 madrasas. In the first days of the National Liberation War, Mustafa Kemal Pasha prepared the Amasya Circular here (21 June 1919). The meetings between the representatives of the Anatolian and Rumelian Defense law associations and the representatives of the Istanbul government were held here (Amasya Protocol 20-23 October 1919). After the proclamation of the Republic, it became the city center of Amasya.

Etkinlik Takvimi

Amasya Haritası